ADB: Android Debug Bridge
AMOLED: Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode
Android: Google’s open-source mobile operating system
AOSP: The Android Open Source Project
.apk: The file extension of an Android application.
Bluetooth: A short-range radio that lets you connect headsets, speakerphones or computers
Bootloader: An internal mode that helps in flashing ROMs
CDMA: One of two standards for cell phone communications. Code Division Multiple Access, it can be found in US Carriers Verizon Wireless and Sprint.
Cupcake: Android 1.5
DLNA: Dynamic Living Network Alliance allows wireless transmission of content from your Android device to your television or other DLNA equipped device
Donut: Android 1.6
Eclair: Android 2.0-2.1
Factory Reset: Wiping all data, settings, and apps from a phone to make it stock a.k.a “out of the box”. In most versions of Android this can be found under Settings>Privacy.
FC: Short for force close
Froyo: Android 2.2
Gingerbread: Android 2.3
Google: Largest search engine company in the world and the company that created Android.
GSM: One of two standards for cell phone communications. Global System for Mobile communications, this is the system that requires the use of a “sim” card.
Hard Reset: Wiping all data, settings, and apps from a phone to make it stock a.k.a “out of the box”
Honeycomb: Android 3.0
JIT: Just-in-Time Compiler
Kernel: basic Linux building block of Android.
Linux: An open source variant of Unix, used as the underlying system on Android devices.
Live wallpapers: Animated wallpapers
NFC: Near-field communication
OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer
OTA: Over the Air as in OTA update. Most carriers use this system of over the air updates to send out an update to an Android device. This can include a security, service or operating system update.
OS: Operating System
QR code: (Quick Response Code) A black-and-white barcode that, when scanned by your phone, can open a web link, point to an application in the Market, etc.
Recovery Mode: A special mode within your Android device to which allows a firmware restoration
Root: A method of unlocking the Android operating system to allow deeper programs deeper access than is allowed out of the box.
SD card (or microSD card): A small plastic “card” that expands the available storage memory on your phone
SIM card: The little card used in GSM phones
Soft Reset: turning off phone or removing battery
Tethering: The act of using your smartphone’s data to provide Internet access to another device
USB: Universal Serial Bus
WiMax: World Interoperability For Microwave Access. Originally not considered 4G by the International Telecommunications Union (see above) it is now considered 4G and is the 4G that Sprint utilizes in their 4G network which is a partnership with Clearwire
This Android Glossary is a work in progress, if you have more to add to the definition or have a new definition just add it in comments any word that deals with Android that may not be known first hand by any type of user (including newbies) is welcome here. TDG’s News Editor, Heaven Leigh, and Thedroidguy are maintaining it for the people.